Professor Ed Watkins
Professor of Experimental and Applied Clinical Psychology/Director of Research for Professional Doctorates

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

Publications by category


Books

Hammen C, Watkins E (2013). Depression, second edition. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins, E. Mansell, W. Shafran, R. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: a transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment., Oxford University Press.

Journal articles

Watkins ER, Grafton B, Weinstein S, MacLeod C (In Press). For ruminators, the emotional future is bound to the emotional past: Heightened ruminative disposition is characterised by increased emotional extrapolation. Clinical Psychological Science Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Burkhouse KL, Jacobs RH, Peters AT, Ajilore O, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA (In Press). Neural Correlates of Rumination in Adolescents with Remitted Major Depressive Disorder and Healthy Controls. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience Full text.
O'Mahen HA, Tester-Jones M, Karl A, Watkins E (In Press). Rumination in dysphoric mothers negatively affects mother-infant interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Full text.
Dickens CM, Trick LVT, Watkins E (In Press). The association of perserverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions: a systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research Full text.
Stange JP, Bessette KL, Jenkins LM, Peters AT, Feldhaus C, Crane NA, Ajilore O, Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA, et al (2017). Attenuated intrinsic connectivity within cognitive control network among individuals with remitted depression: Temporal stability and association with negative cognitive styles. Hum Brain Mapp, 38(6), 2939-2954. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Finning K, Richards DA, Moore L, Ekers D, McMillan D, Farrand PA, O'Mahen HA, Watkins ER, Wright KA, Fletcher E, et al (2017). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behavioural therapy for depression (COBRA): a qualitative process evaluation. BMJ Open, 7(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins E (2017). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: support for the "impaired disengagement" hypothesis. Cogn Emot, 31(3), 422-434. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ricarte JJ, Ros L, Latorre JM, Watkins E (2017). Mapping autobiographical memory in schizophrenia: Clinical implications. Clin Psychol Rev, 51, 96-108. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2017). Prevention of anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive worry and rumination in adolescents and young adults: a randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 90, 123-136. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
O'Shea L, Watkins E, Farrand P (2017). Psychological interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, alcohol misuse or anger in armed forces veterans and their families: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev, 6(1). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2017). Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents. Evid Based Ment Health, 20(2). Author URL. DOI.
Ricarte Trives JJ, Navarro Bravo B, Latorre Postigo JM, Ros Segura L, Watkins E (2016). Age and Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies: Autobiographical Memory, Rumination, Problem Solving and Distraction. Span J Psychol, 19 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Warren FC, Barrett B, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Kuyken W, et al (2016). Cost and Outcome of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression (COBRA): a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Full text. DOI.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins ER (2016). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: Support for the “impaired disengagement” hypothesis. Cognition and Emotion(4 Jan 2016 online). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins E, Newbold A, Tester-Jones M, Javaid M, Cadman J, Collins LM, Graham J, Mostazir M (2016). Implementing multifactorial psychotherapy research in online virtual environments (IMPROVE-2): study protocol for a phase III trial of the MOST randomized component selection method for internet cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Roca M, Kohls E, Gili M, Watkins E, Owens M, Hegerl U, van Grootheest G, Bot M, Cabout M, Brouwer IA, et al (2016). Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies in high-risk persons: rationale and design of the MooDFOOD prevention trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Cook L (2016). RESPOND (REducing Stress and Preventing Depression): comparing guided internet-based rumination focused cognitive behavioural therapy (i-RFCBT) versus a no-intervention control to prevent depression in high ruminating young adults, with adjunct assessment of the feasibility of unguided i-RFBCT: Study protocol for a phase III randomised-controlled trial. Trials, 17 Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Grafton B, Southworth F, Watkins E, MacLeod C (2016). Stuck in a sad place: Biased attentional disengagement in rumination. Emotion, 16(1), 63-72. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Peters AT, Feldhaus CG, Barba A, Carbray J, Langenecker SA (2016). Targeting Ruminative Thinking in Adolescents at Risk for Depressive Relapse: Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy in a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial with Resting State fMRI. PLoS One Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2016). The role of perseverative negative thinking in predicting depression in people with coronary heart disease: Preliminary findings of a prospective cohort study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 85, 83-84. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2015). An alternative transdiagnostic mechanistic approach to affective disorders illustrated with research from clinical psychology. Emotion Review Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Brejcha C, Cardy J, et al (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Abstract. DOI.
De Raedt R, Hertel PT, Watkins ER (2015). Mechanisms of repetitive thinking: Introduction to the special series. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(4), 568-573. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins E (2015). Psychological treatment of depressive rumination. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 32-36. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Hvenegaard M, Watkins ER, Poulsen S, Rosenberg NK, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Howard H, Moeller SB (2015). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy vs. cognitive behaviour therapy for depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled superiority trial. Trials, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Tester-Jones M, O'Mahen HA, Karl A, Watkins ER (2015). The Impact of Maternal Characteristics, Infant Temperament and Contextual Factors on Maternal Responsiveness to Infant. Infant Behavior and Development(40), 1-11. Full text.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Morant N, Taylor RS, et al (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: results of a randomised controlled trial (the PREVENT study). Health Technol Assess, 19(73), 1-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). A habit-goal framework of depressive rumination. J Abnorm Psychol, 123(1), 24-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Rhodes S, Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Byford S, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Hollon SD, Kuyken W, Martell C, et al (2014). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behaviour therapy for depression (COBRA): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2014). Development and assessment of brief versions of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Ruminative Response Scale. Br J Clin Psychol, 53(4), 402-421. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Griffith E, Kuyken W, Watkins E, Jones A (2014). Do Females with Bulimia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Have Selective Memory Biases?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy Abstract. DOI.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). Investigating Functional Properties of Depressive Rumination: Insight and Avoidance. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 5(3), 244-258. Author URL. DOI.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Richards DA, Llewellyn DJ (2014). Supported cognitive-behavioural self-help versus treatment-as-usual for depressed informal carers of stroke survivors (CEDArS): study protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial. Trials, 157 Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2014). The association between perseverative negative cognitive processes and negative affect in people with long term conditions: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. Syst Rev, 3 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2014). Update to the study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefevre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire assessing the constructive and unconstructive repetitive thoughts. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE-REVUE CANADIENNE DES SCIENCES DU COMPORTEMENT, 46(2), 185-192. Author URL.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefèvre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire that evaluates constructive and non-constructive repetitive thoughts. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 46(2), 185-192. Abstract. DOI.
Bassanini A, Caselli G, Fiore F, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Watkins ER (2014). Why "why" seems better than "how". Processes underlining repetitive thinking in an Italian non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 18-23. Abstract. DOI.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, O'Mahen HA (2013). An Integrated Examination of Risk Factors for Repetitive Negative Thought. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 4(2), 161-181. Author URL. DOI.
Schaich A, Watkins ER, Ehring T (2013). Can concreteness training buffer against the negative effects of rumination on PTSD? an experimental analogue study. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 396-403. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Roberts H, Watkins ER, Wills AJ (2013). Cueing an unresolved personal goal causes persistent ruminative self-focus: an experimental evaluation of control theories of rumination. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 449-455. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2013). Involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memory specificity as a function of depression. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(1), 7-13. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Gaté MA, Watkins ER, Simmons JG, Byrne ML, Schwartz OS, Whittle S, Sheeber LB, Allen NB (2013). Maternal parenting behaviors and adolescent depression: the mediating role of rumination. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 42(3), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Caselli G, Gemelli A, Querci S, Lugli AM, Canfora F, Annovi C, Rebecchi D, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Spada MM, et al (2013). The effect of rumination on craving across the continuum of drinking behaviour. Addict Behav, 38(12), 2879-2883. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McEvoy PM, Watson H, Watkins ER, Nathan P (2013). The relationship between worry, rumination, and comorbidity: evidence for repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic construct. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 313-320. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2012). A brief guided self-help intervention for psychological distress in palliative care patients: a randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med, 26(3), 197-205. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER (2012). Construal level, rumination, and psychological distress in palliative care. Psychooncology, 21(6), 680-683. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychol Med, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2012). Process versus purpose mindsets influence emotional response to failure. Behaviour Research and Therapy Abstract.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2012). The characteristics of involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memories in depressed and never depressed individuals. Conscious Cogn, 21(3), 1382-1392. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, MacLeod C (2012). The ups and downs of cognitive bias: dissociating the attentional characteristics of positive and negative affectivity. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 33-53. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Galfin JM, Harlow T (2011). An evaluation of a training programme to teach a brief guided self-help psychological intervention to hospice staff. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 17, 197-205. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins E (2011). Dysregulation in level of goal and action identification across psychological disorders. Clin Psychol Rev, 31(2), 260-278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2011). Rejection sensitivity prospectively predicts increased rumination. Behav Res Ther, 49(10), 597-605. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds MJ (2011). When the Ends Outweigh the Means: Mood and Level-of-construal in Depression. Cognition and Emotion, 7, 1214-1227. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2011). When the ends outweigh the means: mood and level of identification in depression. Cogn Emot, 25(7), 1214-1227. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Taylor RS, Byford S, Evans A, Radford S, Teasdale JD, Dalgleish T, et al (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work?. Behav Res Ther, 48(11), 1105-1112. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2010). Level of construal, mind wandering, and repetitive thought: Reply to McVay and Kane (2010). Psychol Bull, 136(2), 198-201. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2010). Negative affect and ruminative self-focus during everyday goal pursuit. Cogn Emot, 24(4), 729-739. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2010). Psychological distress and rumination in palliative care patients and their caregivers. J Palliat Med, 13(11), 1345-1348. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Pearson KA, Mullan EG, Moberly NJ (2010). Psychosocial correlates of depressive rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 784-791. Abstract. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2010). Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2010). Submissive interpersonal style mediates the effect of brooding on future depressive symptoms. Behav Res Ther, 48(10), 966-973. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Kuyken W, Mullan EG (2010). The psychosocial context of depressive rumination: ruminative brooding predicts diminished relationship satisfaction in individuals with a history of past major depression. Br J Clin Psychol, 49(Pt 2), 275-280. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Vassilopoulos SP, Watkins ER (2009). Adaptive and maladaptive self-focus: a pilot extension study with individuals high and low in fear of negative evaluation. Behav Ther, 40(2), 181-189. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins E, Shafran R (2009). Conceptual foundations of the transdiagnostic approach to CBT. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(1), 6-19. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: a pilot proof-of-principle study. Behav Res Ther, 47(1), 48-53. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther, 27(3), 160-175. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: Investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 38(SUPPL.1), 8-14. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cogn Behav Ther, 38 Suppl 1, 8-14. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2009). Thought Control Strategies, Thought Suppression, and Rumination in Depression. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 2(3), 235-251. Author URL.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins ER, Shafran R (2008). Cognitive Behavioral Processes Across Psychological Disorders: a Review of the Utility and Validity of the Transdiagnostic Approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 181-191. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Williams, W.H. (2008). Depressive Rumination reduces specificity of Autobiographical Memory Recall in Acquired Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(1), 63-70. DOI.
Jacoby N, Brewin CR, Watkins E (2008). Effects of contextual questions on experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 22(4), 753-760. Abstract. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Taylor RS, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Barrett B, Byng R, Evans A, Mullan E, et al (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol, 76(6), 966-978. Abstract. DOI.
Raes F, Watkins ER, Williams JMG, Hermans D (2008). Non-ruminative processing reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory retrieval in students. Behav Res Ther, 46(6), 748-756. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Ehring T, Watkins ER (2008). Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Process. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 192-205. Author URL. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus, negative life events, and negative affect. Behav Res Ther, 46(9), 1034-1039. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Barnhofer T, Crane C, Dalgleish T (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148. DOI.
Watkins E, Moulds ML (2007). Reduced concreteness of rumination in depression: a pilot study. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(6), 1386-1395. Abstract. DOI.
Perkins, N. Williams, J.M.G. Golden, J. Watkins ER (2007). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and depression: the role of executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Abstract. DOI.
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered major depression: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther, 45(12), 3069-3076. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E, Scott J, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Bathurst N, Steiner H, Kennell-Webb S, Moulds M, Malliaris Y (2007). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy for residual depression: a case series. Behav Res Ther, 45(9), 2144-2154. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Malliaris Y, Watkins E, Scott J (2006). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 91, S100-S100. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2006). Processing mode influences the relationship between trait rumination and emotional vulnerability. Behav Ther, 37(3), 281-291. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E, Moulds M, Mackintosh B (2005). Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behav Res Ther, 43(12), 1577-1585. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Moulds, M. Mackintosh, B. Watkins E (2005). Differences and similarities between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2005). Distinct modes of ruminative self-focus: Impact of abstract versus concrete rumination on problem solving in depression. Emotion, 5(3), 319-328. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Scott, J. (2005). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, S100-S100 Sul 1.
Hayward, P. Watkins, E.R. Wright, K. (2005). Outcome of a two-year follow-up of a cognitive therapy of relapse prevention in bipolar disorder. \r. American Journal of Psychiatry
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2005). Positive Beliefs about Rumination in Depression- a replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(1), 73-82. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Ramponi, C. (2005). Reducing specificity of autobiographical memory in non-clinical participants: the role of rumination and schematic models. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 328-350.
Lam DH, Hayward P, Watkins ER, Wright K, Sham P (2005). Relapse prevention in patients with bipolar disorder: cognitive therapy outcome after 2 years. Am J Psychiatry, 162(2), 324-329. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Holden, E. Cook, W. (2005). Rumination in Adolescents at Risk for Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96, 39-47.
Watkins, E.R. (2005). The effects of self-focused rumination on global negative self-judgements in depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins, E. (2005). Worry and Rumination: Recurrent Negative Thinking and Affective Disorders. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 9, 28-32.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Ruminative self-focus during Emotional Processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1037-1052.
Teasdale, J.D. Watkins ER (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Self-focus in Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 1-8.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Appraisals and Strategies Associated with Rumination and Worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 679-694.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Brief psychotherapies for depression: current status. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 17, 3-7.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Rumination and future thinking in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 129-142.
Watkins ER, Bright J, Hayward P, Lam D (2003). A randomised controlled study of cognitive therapy for relapse prevention for bipolar affective disorder - Outcome of the first year. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 145-152. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. (2003). Combining cognitive therapy with medication in bipolar disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9, 110-116. Full text.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2003). Contextual questions prevent mood primes from maintaining experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 455-475. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins E (2003). Depression in Context: Strategies for Guided Action. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 227-228. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2003). Excessive Appetites: a Psychological View of the Addictions, 2nd edition. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 221-222. Author URL. DOI.
Swain, S. Widmer, S. Watkins, E. (2003). The development and beta-test of a computer-therapy program for anxiety and depression: hurdles and lessons. Computers in Human Behaviour, 19, 277-289.
Watkins E (2003). Understanding suicidal behaviour. The suicidal process approach to research, treatment and prevention. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 42, 219-219. Author URL.
Watkins E (2002). Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder: a Therapist's Guide to Concepts, Method and Practice. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(1), 121-122. Author URL. DOI.
Mason, A. Watkins E (2002). Mood as Input and Rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 577-587.
Watkins E (2002). Overcoming Depression: a Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioural Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(2), 247-248. Author URL. DOI.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2002). Rumination and Social Problem-Solving in Depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1179-1189.
Brown, R.G. Watkins ER (2002). Rumination and executive function in depression: an experimental study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 72(3), 400-402. DOI.
Watkins ER, Teasdale JD (2002). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(2), 353-357. DOI.
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gut, 48
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gastroenterology, 120(5).
Watkins E, Howard R, Hobson A, Aziz Q (2001). Feeling the blues in functional gut pain: Manipulating mood state influences the perception of esophageal pain. GASTROENTEROLOGY, 120(5), A639-A639. Author URL.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD (2001). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: Effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 110(2), 353-357. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2001). The New Handbook of Cognitive Therapy Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 386-387. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2001). Treating Complex Cases: the Cognitive Behavioural Approach. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 387-388. Author URL. DOI.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2001). Why do people ruminate in dysphoric moods?. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 723-734.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2000). Decentring and distraction reduce overgeneral autobiographical memory in depression. Psychol Med, 30(4), 911-920. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins E, Elliott S, Stanhope N, Button J, Williams R, Brown J (2000). Meeting the needs for psychological treatment of people with common mental disorders: an exploratory study. Journal of Mental Health, 9(4), 445-456. Abstract.
Watkins E (1997). Attention and emotion: a clinical perspective - Wells,A, Matthews,G. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 35(3), 277-278. Author URL. DOI.

Chapters

Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2013). Repetitive thought: Rumination in complicated grief. In  (Ed) Complicated Grief: Scientific Foundations for Health Care Professionals, 162-175. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Beck, A.T. (2012). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for mood disorders. In Gabbard G, Beck J, Holmes J (Eds.) Concise Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bradley, B. Watkins E (2012). Depression - treatment. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins, E. (2007). Depression- investigation. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Williams, R.M. (1998). The efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy. In Checkley S, Watkins, E (Eds.) In: the Management of Depression, Oxford:.

Conferences

Stange J, Bessette K, Jenkins L, Burkhouse K, Peters A, Feldhaus C, Crane N, Ajilore O, Watkins E, Langenecker S, et al (2017). Attenuated Intrinsic Connectivity within Cognitive Control Network among Individuals with Remitted Depression is Associated with Cognitive Control Deficits and Negative Cognitive Styles.  Author URL.
Watkins E (2015). Overgeneral autobiographical memories and their relationship to rumination.  Author URL.
Bertolino LB, Olaithe M, Tan S, Watkins ER, Bucks RS (2014). Greater general repetitive negative thinking directly predicts more severe insomnia in males: in females it is all about depression.  Author URL.
Watkins ER (2013). Cognitive mechanisms involved in therapeutic change for depression Reducing abstraction and increasing concreteness.  Author URL.

Publications by year



In Press

Watkins ER, Grafton B, Weinstein S, MacLeod C (In Press). For ruminators, the emotional future is bound to the emotional past: Heightened ruminative disposition is characterised by increased emotional extrapolation. Clinical Psychological Science Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Burkhouse KL, Jacobs RH, Peters AT, Ajilore O, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA (In Press). Neural Correlates of Rumination in Adolescents with Remitted Major Depressive Disorder and Healthy Controls. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience Full text.
O'Mahen HA, Tester-Jones M, Karl A, Watkins E (In Press). Rumination in dysphoric mothers negatively affects mother-infant interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Full text.
Dickens CM, Trick LVT, Watkins E (In Press). The association of perserverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions: a systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research Full text.

2017

Stange J, Bessette K, Jenkins L, Burkhouse K, Peters A, Feldhaus C, Crane N, Ajilore O, Watkins E, Langenecker S, et al (2017). Attenuated Intrinsic Connectivity within Cognitive Control Network among Individuals with Remitted Depression is Associated with Cognitive Control Deficits and Negative Cognitive Styles.  Author URL.
Stange JP, Bessette KL, Jenkins LM, Peters AT, Feldhaus C, Crane NA, Ajilore O, Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA, et al (2017). Attenuated intrinsic connectivity within cognitive control network among individuals with remitted depression: Temporal stability and association with negative cognitive styles. Hum Brain Mapp, 38(6), 2939-2954. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Finning K, Richards DA, Moore L, Ekers D, McMillan D, Farrand PA, O'Mahen HA, Watkins ER, Wright KA, Fletcher E, et al (2017). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behavioural therapy for depression (COBRA): a qualitative process evaluation. BMJ Open, 7(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins E (2017). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: support for the "impaired disengagement" hypothesis. Cogn Emot, 31(3), 422-434. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ricarte JJ, Ros L, Latorre JM, Watkins E (2017). Mapping autobiographical memory in schizophrenia: Clinical implications. Clin Psychol Rev, 51, 96-108. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2017). Prevention of anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive worry and rumination in adolescents and young adults: a randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 90, 123-136. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
O'Shea L, Watkins E, Farrand P (2017). Psychological interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, alcohol misuse or anger in armed forces veterans and their families: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev, 6(1). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2017). Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents. Evid Based Ment Health, 20(2). Author URL. DOI.

2016

Ricarte Trives JJ, Navarro Bravo B, Latorre Postigo JM, Ros Segura L, Watkins E (2016). Age and Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies: Autobiographical Memory, Rumination, Problem Solving and Distraction. Span J Psychol, 19 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Warren FC, Barrett B, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Kuyken W, et al (2016). Cost and Outcome of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression (COBRA): a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Full text. DOI.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins ER (2016). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: Support for the “impaired disengagement” hypothesis. Cognition and Emotion(4 Jan 2016 online). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins E, Newbold A, Tester-Jones M, Javaid M, Cadman J, Collins LM, Graham J, Mostazir M (2016). Implementing multifactorial psychotherapy research in online virtual environments (IMPROVE-2): study protocol for a phase III trial of the MOST randomized component selection method for internet cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Roca M, Kohls E, Gili M, Watkins E, Owens M, Hegerl U, van Grootheest G, Bot M, Cabout M, Brouwer IA, et al (2016). Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies in high-risk persons: rationale and design of the MooDFOOD prevention trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Cook L (2016). RESPOND (REducing Stress and Preventing Depression): comparing guided internet-based rumination focused cognitive behavioural therapy (i-RFCBT) versus a no-intervention control to prevent depression in high ruminating young adults, with adjunct assessment of the feasibility of unguided i-RFBCT: Study protocol for a phase III randomised-controlled trial. Trials, 17 Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Grafton B, Southworth F, Watkins E, MacLeod C (2016). Stuck in a sad place: Biased attentional disengagement in rumination. Emotion, 16(1), 63-72. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Peters AT, Feldhaus CG, Barba A, Carbray J, Langenecker SA (2016). Targeting Ruminative Thinking in Adolescents at Risk for Depressive Relapse: Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy in a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial with Resting State fMRI. PLoS One Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2016). The role of perseverative negative thinking in predicting depression in people with coronary heart disease: Preliminary findings of a prospective cohort study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 85, 83-84. Author URL. DOI.

2015

Watkins ER (2015). An alternative transdiagnostic mechanistic approach to affective disorders illustrated with research from clinical psychology. Emotion Review Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Brejcha C, Cardy J, et al (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Abstract. DOI.
De Raedt R, Hertel PT, Watkins ER (2015). Mechanisms of repetitive thinking: Introduction to the special series. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(4), 568-573. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins E (2015). Overgeneral autobiographical memories and their relationship to rumination.  Author URL.
Watkins E (2015). Psychological treatment of depressive rumination. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 32-36. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Hvenegaard M, Watkins ER, Poulsen S, Rosenberg NK, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Howard H, Moeller SB (2015). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy vs. cognitive behaviour therapy for depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled superiority trial. Trials, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Tester-Jones M, O'Mahen HA, Karl A, Watkins ER (2015). The Impact of Maternal Characteristics, Infant Temperament and Contextual Factors on Maternal Responsiveness to Infant. Infant Behavior and Development(40), 1-11. Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2015). The association of perseverative negative thinking with negative affect in long term conditions: a systematic review. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 78(6), 627-628. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Morant N, Taylor RS, et al (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: results of a randomised controlled trial (the PREVENT study). Health Technol Assess, 19(73), 1-124. Abstract.  Author URL.

2014

Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). A habit-goal framework of depressive rumination. J Abnorm Psychol, 123(1), 24-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Rhodes S, Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Byford S, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Hollon SD, Kuyken W, Martell C, et al (2014). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behaviour therapy for depression (COBRA): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2014). Development and assessment of brief versions of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Ruminative Response Scale. Br J Clin Psychol, 53(4), 402-421. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Griffith E, Kuyken W, Watkins E, Jones A (2014). Do Females with Bulimia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Have Selective Memory Biases?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy Abstract. DOI.
Bertolino LB, Olaithe M, Tan S, Watkins ER, Bucks RS (2014). Greater general repetitive negative thinking directly predicts more severe insomnia in males: in females it is all about depression.  Author URL.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). Investigating Functional Properties of Depressive Rumination: Insight and Avoidance. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 5(3), 244-258. Author URL. DOI.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Richards DA, Llewellyn DJ (2014). Supported cognitive-behavioural self-help versus treatment-as-usual for depressed informal carers of stroke survivors (CEDArS): study protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial. Trials, 157 Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2014). The association between perseverative negative cognitive processes and negative affect in people with long term conditions: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. Syst Rev, 3 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2014). Update to the study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefevre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire assessing the constructive and unconstructive repetitive thoughts. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE-REVUE CANADIENNE DES SCIENCES DU COMPORTEMENT, 46(2), 185-192. Author URL.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefèvre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire that evaluates constructive and non-constructive repetitive thoughts. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 46(2), 185-192. Abstract. DOI.
Bassanini A, Caselli G, Fiore F, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Watkins ER (2014). Why "why" seems better than "how". Processes underlining repetitive thinking in an Italian non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 18-23. Abstract. DOI.

2013

Kingston REF, Watkins ER, O'Mahen HA (2013). An Integrated Examination of Risk Factors for Repetitive Negative Thought. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 4(2), 161-181. Author URL. DOI.
Schaich A, Watkins ER, Ehring T (2013). Can concreteness training buffer against the negative effects of rumination on PTSD? an experimental analogue study. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 396-403. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2013). Cognitive mechanisms involved in therapeutic change for depression Reducing abstraction and increasing concreteness.  Author URL.
Roberts H, Watkins ER, Wills AJ (2013). Cueing an unresolved personal goal causes persistent ruminative self-focus: an experimental evaluation of control theories of rumination. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 449-455. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hammen C, Watkins E (2013). Depression, second edition. Abstract. DOI.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2013). Involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memory specificity as a function of depression. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(1), 7-13. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Gaté MA, Watkins ER, Simmons JG, Byrne ML, Schwartz OS, Whittle S, Sheeber LB, Allen NB (2013). Maternal parenting behaviors and adolescent depression: the mediating role of rumination. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 42(3), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2013). Repetitive thought: Rumination in complicated grief. In  (Ed) Complicated Grief: Scientific Foundations for Health Care Professionals, 162-175. DOI.
Caselli G, Gemelli A, Querci S, Lugli AM, Canfora F, Annovi C, Rebecchi D, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Spada MM, et al (2013). The effect of rumination on craving across the continuum of drinking behaviour. Addict Behav, 38(12), 2879-2883. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McEvoy PM, Watson H, Watkins ER, Nathan P (2013). The relationship between worry, rumination, and comorbidity: evidence for repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic construct. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 313-320. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2012

Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2012). A brief guided self-help intervention for psychological distress in palliative care patients: a randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med, 26(3), 197-205. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Beck, A.T. (2012). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for mood disorders. In Gabbard G, Beck J, Holmes J (Eds.) Concise Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER (2012). Construal level, rumination, and psychological distress in palliative care. Psychooncology, 21(6), 680-683. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bradley, B. Watkins E (2012). Depression - treatment. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychol Med, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2012). Process versus purpose mindsets influence emotional response to failure. Behaviour Research and Therapy Abstract.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2012). The characteristics of involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memories in depressed and never depressed individuals. Conscious Cogn, 21(3), 1382-1392. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, MacLeod C (2012). The ups and downs of cognitive bias: dissociating the attentional characteristics of positive and negative affectivity. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 33-53. Abstract. DOI.

2011

Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Galfin JM, Harlow T (2011). An evaluation of a training programme to teach a brief guided self-help psychological intervention to hospice staff. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 17, 197-205. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins E (2011). Dysregulation in level of goal and action identification across psychological disorders. Clin Psychol Rev, 31(2), 260-278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2011). Rejection sensitivity prospectively predicts increased rumination. Behav Res Ther, 49(10), 597-605. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds MJ (2011). When the Ends Outweigh the Means: Mood and Level-of-construal in Depression. Cognition and Emotion, 7, 1214-1227. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2011). When the ends outweigh the means: mood and level of identification in depression. Cogn Emot, 25(7), 1214-1227. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2010

Kuyken W, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Taylor RS, Byford S, Evans A, Radford S, Teasdale JD, Dalgleish T, et al (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work?. Behav Res Ther, 48(11), 1105-1112. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2010). Level of construal, mind wandering, and repetitive thought: Reply to McVay and Kane (2010). Psychol Bull, 136(2), 198-201. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2010). Negative affect and ruminative self-focus during everyday goal pursuit. Cogn Emot, 24(4), 729-739. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2010). Psychological distress and rumination in palliative care patients and their caregivers. J Palliat Med, 13(11), 1345-1348. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Pearson KA, Mullan EG, Moberly NJ (2010). Psychosocial correlates of depressive rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 784-791. Abstract. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2010). Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2010). Submissive interpersonal style mediates the effect of brooding on future depressive symptoms. Behav Res Ther, 48(10), 966-973. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Kuyken W, Mullan EG (2010). The psychosocial context of depressive rumination: ruminative brooding predicts diminished relationship satisfaction in individuals with a history of past major depression. Br J Clin Psychol, 49(Pt 2), 275-280. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2009

Vassilopoulos SP, Watkins ER (2009). Adaptive and maladaptive self-focus: a pilot extension study with individuals high and low in fear of negative evaluation. Behav Ther, 40(2), 181-189. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins E, Shafran R (2009). Conceptual foundations of the transdiagnostic approach to CBT. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(1), 6-19. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: a pilot proof-of-principle study. Behav Res Ther, 47(1), 48-53. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther, 27(3), 160-175. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: Investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 38(SUPPL.1), 8-14. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cogn Behav Ther, 38 Suppl 1, 8-14. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2009). Thought Control Strategies, Thought Suppression, and Rumination in Depression. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 2(3), 235-251. Author URL.

2008

Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins ER, Shafran R (2008). Cognitive Behavioral Processes Across Psychological Disorders: a Review of the Utility and Validity of the Transdiagnostic Approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 181-191. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Williams, W.H. (2008). Depressive Rumination reduces specificity of Autobiographical Memory Recall in Acquired Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(1), 63-70. DOI.
Jacoby N, Brewin CR, Watkins E (2008). Effects of contextual questions on experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 22(4), 753-760. Abstract. DOI.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Taylor RS, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Barrett B, Byng R, Evans A, Mullan E, et al (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol, 76(6), 966-978. Abstract. DOI.
Raes F, Watkins ER, Williams JMG, Hermans D (2008). Non-ruminative processing reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory retrieval in students. Behav Res Ther, 46(6), 748-756. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Ehring T, Watkins ER (2008). Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Process. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 192-205. Author URL. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus, negative life events, and negative affect. Behav Res Ther, 46(9), 1034-1039. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2007

Watkins ER, Barnhofer T, Crane C, Dalgleish T (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148. DOI.
Watkins, E. (2007). Depression- investigation. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins E, Moulds ML (2007). Reduced concreteness of rumination in depression: a pilot study. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(6), 1386-1395. Abstract. DOI.
Perkins, N. Williams, J.M.G. Golden, J. Watkins ER (2007). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and depression: the role of executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Abstract. DOI.
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered major depression: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther, 45(12), 3069-3076. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E, Scott J, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Bathurst N, Steiner H, Kennell-Webb S, Moulds M, Malliaris Y (2007). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy for residual depression: a case series. Behav Res Ther, 45(9), 2144-2154. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2006

Malliaris Y, Watkins E, Scott J (2006). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 91, S100-S100. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2006). Processing mode influences the relationship between trait rumination and emotional vulnerability. Behav Ther, 37(3), 281-291. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2005

Watkins E, Moulds M, Mackintosh B (2005). Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behav Res Ther, 43(12), 1577-1585. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Moulds, M. Mackintosh, B. Watkins E (2005). Differences and similarities between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2005). Distinct modes of ruminative self-focus: Impact of abstract versus concrete rumination on problem solving in depression. Emotion, 5(3), 319-328. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Scott, J. (2005). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, S100-S100 Sul 1.
Hayward, P. Watkins, E.R. Wright, K. (2005). Outcome of a two-year follow-up of a cognitive therapy of relapse prevention in bipolar disorder. \r. American Journal of Psychiatry
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2005). Positive Beliefs about Rumination in Depression- a replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(1), 73-82. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Ramponi, C. (2005). Reducing specificity of autobiographical memory in non-clinical participants: the role of rumination and schematic models. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 328-350.
Lam DH, Hayward P, Watkins ER, Wright K, Sham P (2005). Relapse prevention in patients with bipolar disorder: cognitive therapy outcome after 2 years. Am J Psychiatry, 162(2), 324-329. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. Holden, E. Cook, W. (2005). Rumination in Adolescents at Risk for Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96, 39-47.
Watkins, E.R. (2005). The effects of self-focused rumination on global negative self-judgements in depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins, E. (2005). Worry and Rumination: Recurrent Negative Thinking and Affective Disorders. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 9, 28-32.

2004

Watkins, E.R. (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Ruminative self-focus during Emotional Processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1037-1052.
Teasdale, J.D. Watkins ER (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Self-focus in Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 1-8.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Appraisals and Strategies Associated with Rumination and Worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 679-694.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Brief psychotherapies for depression: current status. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 17, 3-7.
Watkins, E. Mansell, W. Shafran, R. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: a transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment., Oxford University Press.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Rumination and future thinking in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 129-142.

2003

Watkins ER, Bright J, Hayward P, Lam D (2003). A randomised controlled study of cognitive therapy for relapse prevention for bipolar affective disorder - Outcome of the first year. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 145-152. DOI.
Watkins, E.R. (2003). Combining cognitive therapy with medication in bipolar disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9, 110-116. Full text.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2003). Contextual questions prevent mood primes from maintaining experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 455-475. Abstract. DOI.
Watkins E (2003). Depression in Context: Strategies for Guided Action. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 227-228. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2003). Excessive Appetites: a Psychological View of the Addictions, 2nd edition. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 221-222. Author URL. DOI.
Swain, S. Widmer, S. Watkins, E. (2003). The development and beta-test of a computer-therapy program for anxiety and depression: hurdles and lessons. Computers in Human Behaviour, 19, 277-289.
Watkins E (2003). Understanding suicidal behaviour. The suicidal process approach to research, treatment and prevention. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 42, 219-219. Author URL.

2002

Watkins E (2002). Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder: a Therapist's Guide to Concepts, Method and Practice. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(1), 121-122. Author URL. DOI.
Mason, A. Watkins E (2002). Mood as Input and Rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 577-587.
Watkins E (2002). Overcoming Depression: a Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioural Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(2), 247-248. Author URL. DOI.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2002). Rumination and Social Problem-Solving in Depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1179-1189.
Brown, R.G. Watkins ER (2002). Rumination and executive function in depression: an experimental study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 72(3), 400-402. DOI.
Watkins ER, Teasdale JD (2002). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(2), 353-357. DOI.

2001

Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gut, 48
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gastroenterology, 120(5).
Watkins E, Howard R, Hobson A, Aziz Q (2001). Feeling the blues in functional gut pain: Manipulating mood state influences the perception of esophageal pain. GASTROENTEROLOGY, 120(5), A639-A639. Author URL.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD (2001). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: Effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 110(2), 353-357. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2001). The New Handbook of Cognitive Therapy Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 386-387. Author URL. DOI.
Watkins E (2001). Treating Complex Cases: the Cognitive Behavioural Approach. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 387-388. Author URL. DOI.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2001). Why do people ruminate in dysphoric moods?. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 723-734.

2000

Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2000). Decentring and distraction reduce overgeneral autobiographical memory in depression. Psychol Med, 30(4), 911-920. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins E, Elliott S, Stanhope N, Button J, Williams R, Brown J (2000). Meeting the needs for psychological treatment of people with common mental disorders: an exploratory study. Journal of Mental Health, 9(4), 445-456. Abstract.

1998

Williams, R.M. (1998). The efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy. In Checkley S, Watkins, E (Eds.) In: the Management of Depression, Oxford:.

1997

Watkins E (1997). Attention and emotion: a clinical perspective - Wells,A, Matthews,G. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 35(3), 277-278. Author URL. DOI.