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Professor Edward Watkins

Professor Edward Watkins

Professor of Experimental and Applied Clinical Psychology/Director of Research for Professional Doctorates

 4692

 Sir Henry Wellcome Building for Mood Disorders Research F09

 

Sir Henry Wellcome Building for Mood Disorders Research, University of Exeter, Queens Drive, Exeter, EX4 4QQ, UK

 Office hours:

Monday 12-2pm

Tuesday 12-2pm

Overview

Professor Watkins is a research clinical psychologist, with an MSc and Chartership in Clinical Psychology (1995) and a PhD (1998), both from the Institute of Psychiatry , London . From 1995-2003, he worked as a cognitive therapist at the Affective Disorders Unit, Maudsley Hospital, London, a national unit specialising in the treatment of depression, working in in-patient, out-patient and primary care settings.

From 1998-2003, Prof. Watkins held the position of Research Fellow in Cognitive Clinical Psychology of Depression, a position split between the Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry and the Medical Research Council – Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit. In this role, Prof. Watkins collaborated with Professor John Teasdale in investigating cognitive processes in depression. He was also a core supervisor on the Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology Diploma Course in Cognitive Therapy from 1998-2003.

Prof. Watkins joined the University of Exeter as a Senior Lecturer in October 2003, and was promoted to Reader in Clinical Psychology in 2005.

Prof. Watkins was awarded the British Psychological Society's May Davidson Award for 2004. This award is for “a clinical psychologist who has made an outstanding contribution to the development of clinical psychology within the first 10 years of his/her work as a qualified clinical psychologist. The contribution may be through clinical research or other professional work. It should be innovative and of an order sufficient to become widely recognised as an important development in British clinical psychology”.

Prof. Watkins currently works as a researcher, teacher and clinical practitioner within the Mood Disorders Centre, which is a partnership between the University of Exeter and Devon Partnership NHS Trust. He is the director of the Study of Maladaptive to Adaptive Repetitive Thought (SMART) lab.

He currently serves as an expert member of the NICE Guidelines for Depression in Adults from 2015-2017.

Qualifications

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, 1998
Dissertation: “Contextual Awareness and the Maintenance of Depressed Mood”.

1994-1995 Institute of Psychiatry one year Diploma Course in Cognitive Therapy

Chartered Clinical Psychologist, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, 1995

MSc in Clinical Psychology, University of London, 1994

BA (Hons) Psychology and Physiology 1st Class (Congratulatory) University of Oxford, 1992

Career

From September 2005 to August 2007: Reader in Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Exeter

From October 2003 to September 2005: Senior Lecturer in Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Exeter

From October 1998 to September 2003: Research Fellow in Cognitive Clinical Psychology of Depression, Jointly held between Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London & MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge

Links

Research group links

Research

Research interests

  • Cognitive behavioural approaches to depression
  • Cognition and emotion
  • Onset, maintenance, recurrence, treatment and prevention of depression
  • Ruminative thinking, worry, autobiographical memory, emotional processing, problem solving, transdiagnostic processes, procrastination, being effective.
  • New approaches to trial design and methodology, e.g,, MOST, SMART designs

Research projects

1. IMPROVE Study
The Mood Disorders Centre, University of Exeter has just launched an innovative trial to investigate and improve internet-based psychotherapy for depression. The IMPROVE trial provides free and open access internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy for people with major depression, supported by online guidance from a trained psychological wellbeing practitioner. The initial study is funded by a University of Exeter Wellcome Trust Institutional Strategic Support Fund Seedcorn grant to Professor Ed Watkins, a clinical psychologist who leads the Mood Disorders Centre.

2. "Reducing depressive rumination: the role of processing mode".
With support from the Wellcome Trust, a series of experimental studies are investigating whether the style that people adopt when thinking about problems or difficulties can influence whether they get better or worse. Rumination is a term used to refer to unhelpful dwelling on problems, mistakes and losses. In particular, the research is examining whether people can be trained in and out of unhelpful ruminative thinking.

3. Rumination-focused CBT for residual depression.
A randomised controlled trial of CBT for patients who have not fully recovered from depression despite adequate treatment with antidepressant medication is being funded by the National Alliance for Research into Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD).

4. Vulnerability to depression in adolescence.
Cognitive factors that may predict risk for depression are being examined in young people aged between 14-21.

Collaboration:

The ADMIT-D consortium consists of researchers and mental health professionals from 14 institutions from six Europeans countries and the United States (VU University Amsterdam, University of Pennsylvania, Universität Tübingen, Universität Trier, Linkoping University, University of Exeter, University of Sheffield, University of York, Universitat Jaume I,  Szkola Wyzsza Psychologii Spolecznej, Ruhr Universität Bochum,  University of Oxford, London School of Economics, Radboud University Medical Centre Nijmegen). The ADMIT-D consortium seeks to promote the use of personalized medicine for depression by developing and implementing a novel treatment selection approach (the Personalized Advantage Index) in mental health systems that matches patients to evidence-based treatments they are predicted to benefit most from.

Research grants:

1. Wellcome Trust - Wellcome Project Grant - 065809 -“Reducing Persistent Depressive Rumination: The Role of Processing Style”. Value £144, 508. Grant started in May 2002 and ran until August 2006. Principal investigator (PI) on the grant. The Grant employed one full-time postdoctoral researcher. External Grant.

2. Psychiatry Research Trust – Project Grant: “Rumination-focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Residual Depression – Investigating Mechanisms”. Value £40, 000 for two years from June 2003.
This grant employed one half-term research assistant for two years to investigate the mechanisms of change of cognitive behavioural therapy for residual depression. With Professor Jan Scott. Internal Grant at Institute of Psychiatry.

3. National Alliance Research into Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD) Young Investigator Award: “Rumination-focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Residual Depression”. Value $60,000 over two years starting in July 2003, shifted to start in May 2004, running to May 2006. This grant provided monies for a research assistant for two years in order to conduct a pilot randomised controlled trial of rumination-focused CBT. Principal investigator on grant with Professor Jan Scott as mentor. The grant also involves training in administering a randomised controlled trial. External Grant from a prestigious North American mental health charity.

4. Medical Research Council MRC Trial platform: “Preventing depression relapse in NHS practice using Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy”. Value £237,246. For two years from September 2005 to September 2007. Co-PI with Dr Willem Kuyken as PI.

5. Medical Research Council MRC Experimental Medicine Grant: “Cognitive training as a facilitated self-help intervention for depression”. Value £464,000 (full FEC costs £536,426). For 3 years from July 2006 to December 2009. Only 27 out of 199 applications for Experimental Medicine grants were funded – this project was the only psychological (non-medical) project funded. Principal investigator on grant.

6. ESRC CASE Collaborative PhD Studentship: “An investigation of the impact of a facilitated self-help intervention for patients with depression on psychosocial well-being and social functioning”. Funding for PhD studentship for 3 years from October 2006 to October 2009. Value £57900.

7. Wellcome Trust - Wellcome Project Grant 080099/Z/06/Z- “Reducing vulnerability to depression: dysregulation of processing style and depressive rumination.” Value £226, 349. Grant started in September 2006 and ran until August 2009. Principal investigator on the grant. The Grant employed one full-time postdoctoral researcher. External Grant.

8. Great Western Research Collaboration Funded PhD studentship grant: “Psychological Interventions in Palliative Care”. Jointly funded by Great Western Research and Hospiscare. Principal supervisor and applicant. Funding for PhD studentship for 3 years from January 2008 to January 2011. Value £55,000

9. Peninsula Collaborative Leadership in Applied Research Health Care (CLARHC) grant: collaborative partner in bid for £10 million funding from NIHR with £10 million matched funding to develop applied clinical research integrating with the NHS in the Southwest (Mood Disorders Centre a partner in the application).

10.  Wellcome Trust Capital Bid: “Improving Psychological Interventions for Mood Disorders: A Translational Research Approach.” (Grant no: 085965). Principal applicant and co-ordinating applicant for Mood Disorders Centre’s successful bid for developing a new Research Treatment Centre building and Biobehavioural and Virtual Reality Laboratory, £3.6 million.

11. ESRC Research Fellowship: ‘Rumination, goals and autobiographical memory’ (RES-063-27-0254)    Grant value: £168,148. PI – Dr Nicholas Moberly (Prof Watkins acting as Mentor on the grant). Period of award: September 2009- August 2011

12. HTA Grant [08/56/01] – Mindfulness-based CBT as a relapse prevention treatment. Grant value: £2.1 million. PI- Prof Willem Kuyken (Prof Watkins, Co-PI). Period of award: October 2009-September 2013

13. ZonMW (Dutch based funding organisation) – Preventing depression and anxiety disorders by targeting excessive worry and rumination in healthy adolescents. Grant value:  265,500 Euros. Period of award: November 2009 – November 2013. PI- Dr Thomas Ehring (University of Amsterdam) –Prof Watkins, co-PI.

14. Royal Society Travel Award – Determining Selective Information-Processing Biases in Positive and Negative Affect. Period of Award: April to July 2010. Value: £3472 to support sabbatical visit and associated project. PI – Watkins.
15. University of Western Australia Raine Visiting Professor Award – award of $10,000 AUD to support sabbatical collaboration at University of Western Australia

16. NIHR HTA for a Clinical Trials Grant titled “COBRA (Cost and Outcome of BehaviouRal Activation): a Randomised Controlled Trial of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Therapy for Depression”. £1.9 million, start date November 2011, for 4 years. PI Professor David Richards (Prof Watkins, Co-PI). This grant has been awarded –final contract details are being settled.

17. The Leverhulme Trust Artist in Residence Grant in Mood Disorders Centre (named artist Daniel Jamieson) £12516 from October 2012 for 10 months. PI –Prof Watkins.

Research networks

Links


Publications

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications


Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

Publications by category


Books

Hammen C, Watkins E (2018). Depression. Abstract.
Hammen C, Watkins E (2013). Depression, second edition. Abstract.
Watkins, E. Mansell, W. Shafran, R. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: a transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment., Oxford University Press.

Journal articles

Farrand P, Greenberg N, Bloomfield T, Watkins E, Mullan E (In Press). Acceptability of a Step 2 psychological therapy service for UK Armed Forces Veterans and family members: a qualitative study. Occupational Medicine
Stange JP, Bessette KL, Jenkins LM, Peters AT, Feldhaus C, Crane NA, Ajilore O, Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA, et al (In Press). Attenuated intrinsic connectivity within cognitive control network among individuals with remitted depression: Temporal stability and association with negative cognitive styles. Hum Brain Mapp, 38(6), 2939-2954. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Richards DA, Rhodes S, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Barrett B, Finning K, Ganguli P, Warren F, et al (In Press). Cost and Outcome of BehaviouRal Activation (COBRA): a randomised controlled trial of behavioural activation versus cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. Health Technol Assess, 21(46), 1-366. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Finning K, Richards DA, Moore L, Ekers D, McMillan D, Farrand PA, O'Mahen HA, Watkins ER, Wright KA, Fletcher E, et al (In Press). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behavioural therapy for depression (COBRA): a qualitative process evaluation. BMJ Open, 7(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, Weinstein S, MacLeod C (In Press). For ruminators, the emotional future is bound to the emotional past: Heightened ruminative disposition is characterised by increased emotional extrapolation. Clinical Psychological Science Abstract.  Full text.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins E (In Press). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: support for the "impaired disengagement" hypothesis. Cogn Emot, 31(3), 422-434. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Newbold A, Tester-Jones M, Javaid M, Cadman J, Collins LM, Graham J, Mostazir M (In Press). Implementing multifactorial psychotherapy research in online virtual environments (IMPROVE-2): study protocol for a phase III trial of the MOST randomized component selection method for internet cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Ricarte JJ, Ros L, Latorre JM, Watkins E (In Press). Mapping autobiographical memory in schizophrenia: Clinical implications. Clin Psychol Rev, 51, 96-108. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Burkhouse KL, Jacobs RH, Peters AT, Ajilore O, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA (In Press). Neural Correlates of Rumination in Adolescents with Remitted Major Depressive Disorder and Healthy Controls. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience Full text.
Roca M, Kohls E, Gili M, Watkins E, Owens M, Hegerl U, van Grootheest G, Bot M, Cabout M, Brouwer IA, et al (In Press). Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies in high-risk persons: rationale and design of the MooDFOOD prevention trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
O'Shea L, Watkins E, Farrand P (In Press). Psychological interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, alcohol misuse or anger in armed forces veterans and their families: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev, 6(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
O'Mahen HA, Tester-Jones M, Karl A, Watkins E (In Press). Rumination in dysphoric mothers negatively affects mother-infant interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Full text.
Watkins E (In Press). Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents. Evid Based Ment Health, 20(2). Author URL.  Full text.
Dickens CM, Trick LVT, Watkins E (In Press). The association of perserverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions: a systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research Full text.
Freeman D, Sheaves B, Goodwin GM, Yu L-M, Nickless A, Harrison PJ, Emsley R, Luik AI, Foster RG, Wadekar V, et al (In Press). The effects of improving sleep on mental health (OASIS): a randomised controlled trial with mediation analysis. Lancet Psychiatry, 4(10), 749-758. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mostazir M, Taylor RS, Henley W, Watkins E (2019). An overview of statistical methods for handling nonadherence to intervention protocol in randomized control trials: a methodological review. J Clin Epidemiol, 108, 121-131. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bot M, Brouwer I, Roca M, Kohls E, Penninx B, Watkins ER, van Grootheest G, Cabout M, Hegerl U, Gili M, et al (2019). Effect of Multinutrient Supplementation and Food-Related Behavioral Activation Therapy on Prevention of Major Depressive Disorder Among Overweight or Obese Adults with Subsyndromal Depressive Symptoms. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 321, 858-868. Full text.
Hvenegaard M, Moeller SB, Poulsen S, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Kistrup M, Rosenberg NGK, Howard H, Watkins ER, et al (2019). Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) v. group CBT for depression: phase II trial. Psychol Med, 1-9. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Cook L, Mostazir M, Watkins E (2019). Reducing Stress and Preventing Depression (RESPOND): Randomized Controlled Trial of Web-Based Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for High-Ruminating University Students. J Med Internet Res, 21(5). Abstract.  Author URL.
Uwatoko T, Luo Y, Sakata M, Kobayashi D, Sakagami Y, Takemoto K, Collins LM, Watkins E, Hollon SD, Wason J, et al (2018). Healthy Campus Trial: a multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) fully factorial trial to optimize the smartphone cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) app for mental health promotion among university students: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 19(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Farrand P, Jeffs A, Bloomfield T, Greenberg N, Watkins E, Mullan E (2018). Mental health service acceptability for the armed forces veteran community. Occup Med (Lond), 68(6), 391-398. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Wild J, El-Salahi S, Tyson G, Lorenz H, Pariante CM, Danese A, Tsiachristas A, Watkins E, Middleton B, Blaber A, et al (2018). Preventing PTSD, depression and associated health problems in student paramedics: Protocol for PREVENT-PTSD, a randomised controlled trial of supported online cognitive training for resilience versus alternative online training and standard practice. BMJ Open, 8(12). Abstract.  Full text.
Paans NPG, Bot M, Brouwer IA, Visser M, Roca M, Kohls E, Watkins E, Penninx BWJH (2018). The association between depression and eating styles in four European countries: the MooDFOOD prevention study. J Psychosom Res, 108, 85-92. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Lewellyn DJ (2018). ”I Don’t Believe in Leading a Life of My Own, I Lead His Life”: a Qualitative Investigation of Difficulties Experienced by Informal Caregivers of Stroke Survivors Experiencing Depressive and Anxious Symptoms. Clinical Gerontologist, 41(4), 293-307. Abstract.  Full text.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2017). Prevention of anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive worry and rumination in adolescents and young adults: a randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 90, 123-136. Abstract.  Full text.
Ricarte Trives JJ, Navarro Bravo B, Latorre Postigo JM, Ros Segura L, Watkins E (2016). Age and Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies: Autobiographical Memory, Rumination, Problem Solving and Distraction. Span J Psychol, 19 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Warren FC, Barrett B, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Kuyken W, et al (2016). Cost and Outcome of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression (COBRA): a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Full text.
Roberts H, Watkins E, Wills A (2016). Does rumination cause “inhibitory” deficits?. Psychopathology Review Full text.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins ER (2016). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: Support for the “impaired disengagement” hypothesis. Cognition and Emotion(4 Jan 2016 online). Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Cook L (2016). RESPOND (REducing Stress and Preventing Depression): comparing guided internet-based rumination focused cognitive behavioural therapy (i-RFCBT) versus a no-intervention control to prevent depression in high ruminating young adults, with adjunct assessment of the feasibility of unguided i-RFBCT: Study protocol for a phase III randomised-controlled trial. Trials, 17 Abstract.  Full text.
Grafton B, Southworth F, Watkins E, MacLeod C (2016). Stuck in a sad place: Biased attentional disengagement in rumination. Emotion, 16(1), 63-72. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Peters AT, Feldhaus CG, Barba A, Carbray J, Langenecker SA (2016). Targeting Ruminative Thinking in Adolescents at Risk for Depressive Relapse: Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy in a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial with Resting State fMRI. PLoS One Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2016). The role of perseverative negative thinking in predicting depression in people with coronary heart disease: Preliminary findings of a prospective cohort study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 85, 83-84. Author URL.
Watkins ER (2015). An alternative transdiagnostic mechanistic approach to affective disorders illustrated with research from clinical psychology. Emotion Review Abstract.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Brejcha C, Cardy J, et al (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Abstract.
De Raedt R, Hertel PT, Watkins ER (2015). Mechanisms of repetitive thinking: Introduction to the special series. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(4), 568-573. Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins E (2015). Psychological treatment of depressive rumination. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 32-36. Abstract.  Full text.
Hvenegaard M, Watkins ER, Poulsen S, Rosenberg NK, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Howard H, Moeller SB (2015). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy vs. cognitive behaviour therapy for depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled superiority trial. Trials, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Tester-Jones M, O'Mahen HA, Karl A, Watkins ER (2015). The Impact of Maternal Characteristics, Infant Temperament and Contextual Factors on Maternal Responsiveness to Infant. Infant Behavior and Development(40), 1-11. Full text.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Morant N, Taylor RS, et al (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: results of a randomised controlled trial (the PREVENT study). Health Technol Assess, 19(73), 1-124. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). A habit-goal framework of depressive rumination. J Abnorm Psychol, 123(1), 24-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Rhodes S, Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Byford S, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Hollon SD, Kuyken W, Martell C, et al (2014). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behaviour therapy for depression (COBRA): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2014). Development and assessment of brief versions of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Ruminative Response Scale. Br J Clin Psychol, 53(4), 402-421. Abstract.  Author URL.
Griffith E, Kuyken W, Watkins E, Jones A (2014). Do Females with Bulimia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Have Selective Memory Biases?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy Abstract.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). Investigating Functional Properties of Depressive Rumination: Insight and Avoidance. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 5(3), 244-258. Author URL.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Richards DA, Llewellyn DJ (2014). Supported cognitive-behavioural self-help versus treatment-as-usual for depressed informal carers of stroke survivors (CEDArS): study protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial. Trials, 157 Abstract.  Author URL.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2014). The association between perseverative negative cognitive processes and negative affect in people with long term conditions: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. Syst Rev, 3 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2014). Update to the study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefevre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire assessing the constructive and unconstructive repetitive thoughts. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE-REVUE CANADIENNE DES SCIENCES DU COMPORTEMENT, 46(2), 185-192. Author URL.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefèvre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire that evaluates constructive and non-constructive repetitive thoughts. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 46(2), 185-192. Abstract.
Bassanini A, Caselli G, Fiore F, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Watkins ER (2014). Why "why" seems better than "how". Processes underlining repetitive thinking in an Italian non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 18-23. Abstract.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, O'Mahen HA (2013). An Integrated Examination of Risk Factors for Repetitive Negative Thought. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 4(2), 161-181. Author URL.
Schaich A, Watkins ER, Ehring T (2013). Can concreteness training buffer against the negative effects of rumination on PTSD? an experimental analogue study. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 396-403. Abstract.  Author URL.
Roberts H, Watkins ER, Wills AJ (2013). Cueing an unresolved personal goal causes persistent ruminative self-focus: an experimental evaluation of control theories of rumination. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 449-455. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2013). Involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memory specificity as a function of depression. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(1), 7-13. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaté MA, Watkins ER, Simmons JG, Byrne ML, Schwartz OS, Whittle S, Sheeber LB, Allen NB (2013). Maternal parenting behaviors and adolescent depression: the mediating role of rumination. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 42(3), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL.
Caselli G, Gemelli A, Querci S, Lugli AM, Canfora F, Annovi C, Rebecchi D, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Spada MM, et al (2013). The effect of rumination on craving across the continuum of drinking behaviour. Addict Behav, 38(12), 2879-2883. Abstract.  Author URL.
McEvoy PM, Watson H, Watkins ER, Nathan P (2013). The relationship between worry, rumination, and comorbidity: evidence for repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic construct. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 313-320. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2012). A brief guided self-help intervention for psychological distress in palliative care patients: a randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med, 26(3), 197-205. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER (2012). Construal level, rumination, and psychological distress in palliative care. Psychooncology, 21(6), 680-683. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychol Med, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2012). Process versus purpose mindsets influence emotional response to failure. Behaviour Research and Therapy Abstract.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2012). The characteristics of involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memories in depressed and never depressed individuals. Conscious Cogn, 21(3), 1382-1392. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, MacLeod C (2012). The ups and downs of cognitive bias: dissociating the attentional characteristics of positive and negative affectivity. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 33-53. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Galfin JM, Harlow T (2011). An evaluation of a training programme to teach a brief guided self-help psychological intervention to hospice staff. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 17, 197-205. Abstract.
Watkins E (2011). Dysregulation in level of goal and action identification across psychological disorders. Clin Psychol Rev, 31(2), 260-278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2011). Rejection sensitivity prospectively predicts increased rumination. Behav Res Ther, 49(10), 597-605. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds MJ (2011). When the Ends Outweigh the Means: Mood and Level-of-construal in Depression. Cognition and Emotion, 7, 1214-1227. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2011). When the ends outweigh the means: mood and level of identification in depression. Cogn Emot, 25(7), 1214-1227. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Taylor RS, Byford S, Evans A, Radford S, Teasdale JD, Dalgleish T, et al (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work?. Behav Res Ther, 48(11), 1105-1112. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER (2010). Level of construal, mind wandering, and repetitive thought: Reply to McVay and Kane (2010). Psychol Bull, 136(2), 198-201. Abstract.  Full text.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2010). Negative affect and ruminative self-focus during everyday goal pursuit. Cogn Emot, 24(4), 729-739. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2010). Psychological distress and rumination in palliative care patients and their caregivers. J Palliat Med, 13(11), 1345-1348. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Pearson KA, Mullan EG, Moberly NJ (2010). Psychosocial correlates of depressive rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 784-791. Abstract.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2010). Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2010). Submissive interpersonal style mediates the effect of brooding on future depressive symptoms. Behav Res Ther, 48(10), 966-973. Abstract.  Author URL.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Kuyken W, Mullan EG (2010). The psychosocial context of depressive rumination: ruminative brooding predicts diminished relationship satisfaction in individuals with a history of past major depression. Br J Clin Psychol, 49(Pt 2), 275-280. Abstract.  Author URL.
Vassilopoulos SP, Watkins ER (2009). Adaptive and maladaptive self-focus: a pilot extension study with individuals high and low in fear of negative evaluation. Behav Ther, 40(2), 181-189. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins E, Shafran R (2009). Conceptual foundations of the transdiagnostic approach to CBT. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(1), 6-19. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: a pilot proof-of-principle study. Behav Res Ther, 47(1), 48-53. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther, 27(3), 160-175. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: Investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 38(SUPPL.1), 8-14. Abstract.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cogn Behav Ther, 38 Suppl 1, 8-14. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2009). Thought Control Strategies, Thought Suppression, and Rumination in Depression. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 2(3), 235-251. Author URL.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins ER, Shafran R (2008). Cognitive Behavioral Processes Across Psychological Disorders: a Review of the Utility and Validity of the Transdiagnostic Approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 181-191. Author URL.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins, E.R. Williams, W.H. (2008). Depressive Rumination reduces specificity of Autobiographical Memory Recall in Acquired Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(1), 63-70.
Jacoby N, Brewin CR, Watkins E (2008). Effects of contextual questions on experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 22(4), 753-760. Abstract.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Taylor RS, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Barrett B, Byng R, Evans A, Mullan E, et al (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol, 76(6), 966-978. Abstract.
Raes F, Watkins ER, Williams JMG, Hermans D (2008). Non-ruminative processing reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory retrieval in students. Behav Res Ther, 46(6), 748-756. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text.
Ehring T, Watkins ER (2008). Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Process. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 192-205. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus, negative life events, and negative affect. Behav Res Ther, 46(9), 1034-1039. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Barnhofer T, Crane C, Dalgleish T (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148.
Watkins E, Moulds ML (2007). Reduced concreteness of rumination in depression: a pilot study. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(6), 1386-1395. Abstract.
Perkins, N. Williams, J.M.G. Golden, J. Watkins ER (2007). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and depression: the role of executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Abstract.
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered major depression: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther, 45(12), 3069-3076. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Scott J, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Bathurst N, Steiner H, Kennell-Webb S, Moulds M, Malliaris Y (2007). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy for residual depression: a case series. Behav Res Ther, 45(9), 2144-2154. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Malliaris Y, Watkins E, Scott J (2006). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 91, S100-S100. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2006). Processing mode influences the relationship between trait rumination and emotional vulnerability. Behav Ther, 37(3), 281-291. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Moulds M, Mackintosh B (2005). Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behav Res Ther, 43(12), 1577-1585. Abstract.  Author URL.
Moulds, M. Mackintosh, B. Watkins E (2005). Differences and similarities between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2005). Distinct modes of ruminative self-focus: Impact of abstract versus concrete rumination on problem solving in depression. Emotion, 5(3), 319-328.
Watkins, E.R. Scott, J. (2005). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, S100-S100 Sul 1.
Hayward, P. Watkins, E.R. Wright, K. (2005). Outcome of a two-year follow-up of a cognitive therapy of relapse prevention in bipolar disorder. \r. American Journal of Psychiatry
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2005). Positive Beliefs about Rumination in Depression- a replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(1), 73-82.
Watkins, E.R. Ramponi, C. (2005). Reducing specificity of autobiographical memory in non-clinical participants: the role of rumination and schematic models. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 328-350.
Lam DH, Hayward P, Watkins ER, Wright K, Sham P (2005). Relapse prevention in patients with bipolar disorder: cognitive therapy outcome after 2 years. Am J Psychiatry, 162(2), 324-329. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins, E.R. Holden, E. Cook, W. (2005). Rumination in Adolescents at Risk for Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96, 39-47.
Watkins, E.R. (2005). The effects of self-focused rumination on global negative self-judgements in depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins, E. (2005). Worry and Rumination: Recurrent Negative Thinking and Affective Disorders. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 9, 28-32.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Ruminative self-focus during Emotional Processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1037-1052.
Teasdale, J.D. Watkins ER (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Self-focus in Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 1-8.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Appraisals and Strategies Associated with Rumination and Worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 679-694.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Brief psychotherapies for depression: current status. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 17, 3-7.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Rumination and future thinking in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 129-142.
Watkins ER, Bright J, Hayward P, Lam D (2003). A randomised controlled study of cognitive therapy for relapse prevention for bipolar affective disorder - Outcome of the first year. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 145-152.
Watkins, E.R. (2003). Combining cognitive therapy with medication in bipolar disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9, 110-116. Full text.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2003). Contextual questions prevent mood primes from maintaining experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 455-475. Abstract.
Watkins E (2003). Depression in Context: Strategies for Guided Action. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 227-228. Author URL.
Watkins E (2003). Excessive Appetites: a Psychological View of the Addictions, 2nd edition. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 221-222. Author URL.
Swain, S. Widmer, S. Watkins, E. (2003). The development and beta-test of a computer-therapy program for anxiety and depression: hurdles and lessons. Computers in Human Behaviour, 19, 277-289.
Watkins E (2003). Understanding suicidal behaviour. The suicidal process approach to research, treatment and prevention. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 42, 219-219. Author URL.
Watkins E (2002). Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder: a Therapist's Guide to Concepts, Method and Practice. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(1), 121-122. Author URL.
Mason, A. Watkins E (2002). Mood as Input and Rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 577-587.
Watkins E (2002). Overcoming Depression: a Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioural Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(2), 247-248. Author URL.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2002). Rumination and Social Problem-Solving in Depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1179-1189.
Brown, R.G. Watkins ER (2002). Rumination and executive function in depression: an experimental study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 72(3), 400-402.
Watkins ER, Teasdale JD (2002). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(2), 353-357.
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gut, 48
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gastroenterology, 120(5).
Watkins E, Howard R, Hobson A, Aziz Q (2001). Feeling the blues in functional gut pain: Manipulating mood state influences the perception of esophageal pain. GASTROENTEROLOGY, 120(5), A639-A639. Author URL.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD (2001). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: Effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 110(2), 353-357. Author URL.
Watkins E (2001). The New Handbook of Cognitive Therapy Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 386-387. Author URL.
Watkins E (2001). Treating Complex Cases: the Cognitive Behavioural Approach. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 387-388. Author URL.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2001). Why do people ruminate in dysphoric moods?. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 723-734.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2000). Decentring and distraction reduce overgeneral autobiographical memory in depression. Psychol Med, 30(4), 911-920. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins E, Elliott S, Stanhope N, Button J, Williams R, Brown J (2000). Meeting the needs for psychological treatment of people with common mental disorders: an exploratory study. Journal of Mental Health, 9(4), 445-456. Abstract.
Watkins E (1997). Attention and emotion: a clinical perspective - Wells,A, Matthews,G. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 35(3), 277-278. Author URL.

Chapters

Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2013). Repetitive thought: Rumination in complicated grief. In  (Ed) Complicated Grief: Scientific Foundations for Health Care Professionals, 162-175.
Watkins, E.R. Beck, A.T. (2012). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for mood disorders. In Gabbard G, Beck J, Holmes J (Eds.) Concise Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bradley, B. Watkins E (2012). Depression - treatment. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins, E. (2007). Depression- investigation. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Williams, R.M. (1998). The efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy. In Checkley S, Watkins, E (Eds.) In: the Management of Depression, Oxford:.

Conferences

Stange J, Bessette K, Jenkins L, Burkhouse K, Peters A, Feldhaus C, Crane N, Ajilore O, Watkins E, Langenecker S, et al (2017). Attenuated Intrinsic Connectivity within Cognitive Control Network among Individuals with Remitted Depression is Associated with Cognitive Control Deficits and Negative Cognitive Styles.  Author URL.
Watkins E (2015). Overgeneral autobiographical memories and their relationship to rumination.  Author URL.
Bertolino LB, Olaithe M, Tan S, Watkins ER, Bucks RS (2014). Greater general repetitive negative thinking directly predicts more severe insomnia in males: in females it is all about depression.  Author URL.
Watkins ER (2013). Cognitive mechanisms involved in therapeutic change for depression Reducing abstraction and increasing concreteness.  Author URL.

Publications by year


In Press

Farrand P, Greenberg N, Bloomfield T, Watkins E, Mullan E (In Press). Acceptability of a Step 2 psychological therapy service for UK Armed Forces Veterans and family members: a qualitative study. Occupational Medicine
Stange JP, Bessette KL, Jenkins LM, Peters AT, Feldhaus C, Crane NA, Ajilore O, Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA, et al (In Press). Attenuated intrinsic connectivity within cognitive control network among individuals with remitted depression: Temporal stability and association with negative cognitive styles. Hum Brain Mapp, 38(6), 2939-2954. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Richards DA, Rhodes S, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Barrett B, Finning K, Ganguli P, Warren F, et al (In Press). Cost and Outcome of BehaviouRal Activation (COBRA): a randomised controlled trial of behavioural activation versus cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. Health Technol Assess, 21(46), 1-366. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Finning K, Richards DA, Moore L, Ekers D, McMillan D, Farrand PA, O'Mahen HA, Watkins ER, Wright KA, Fletcher E, et al (In Press). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behavioural therapy for depression (COBRA): a qualitative process evaluation. BMJ Open, 7(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, Weinstein S, MacLeod C (In Press). For ruminators, the emotional future is bound to the emotional past: Heightened ruminative disposition is characterised by increased emotional extrapolation. Clinical Psychological Science Abstract.  Full text.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins E (In Press). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: support for the "impaired disengagement" hypothesis. Cogn Emot, 31(3), 422-434. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Newbold A, Tester-Jones M, Javaid M, Cadman J, Collins LM, Graham J, Mostazir M (In Press). Implementing multifactorial psychotherapy research in online virtual environments (IMPROVE-2): study protocol for a phase III trial of the MOST randomized component selection method for internet cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Ricarte JJ, Ros L, Latorre JM, Watkins E (In Press). Mapping autobiographical memory in schizophrenia: Clinical implications. Clin Psychol Rev, 51, 96-108. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Burkhouse KL, Jacobs RH, Peters AT, Ajilore O, Watkins ER, Langenecker SA (In Press). Neural Correlates of Rumination in Adolescents with Remitted Major Depressive Disorder and Healthy Controls. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience Full text.
Roca M, Kohls E, Gili M, Watkins E, Owens M, Hegerl U, van Grootheest G, Bot M, Cabout M, Brouwer IA, et al (In Press). Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies in high-risk persons: rationale and design of the MooDFOOD prevention trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
O'Shea L, Watkins E, Farrand P (In Press). Psychological interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, alcohol misuse or anger in armed forces veterans and their families: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev, 6(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
O'Mahen HA, Tester-Jones M, Karl A, Watkins E (In Press). Rumination in dysphoric mothers negatively affects mother-infant interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Full text.
Watkins E (In Press). Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents. Evid Based Ment Health, 20(2). Author URL.  Full text.
Dickens CM, Trick LVT, Watkins E (In Press). The association of perserverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions: a systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research Full text.
Freeman D, Sheaves B, Goodwin GM, Yu L-M, Nickless A, Harrison PJ, Emsley R, Luik AI, Foster RG, Wadekar V, et al (In Press). The effects of improving sleep on mental health (OASIS): a randomised controlled trial with mediation analysis. Lancet Psychiatry, 4(10), 749-758. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2019

Mostazir M, Taylor RS, Henley W, Watkins E (2019). An overview of statistical methods for handling nonadherence to intervention protocol in randomized control trials: a methodological review. J Clin Epidemiol, 108, 121-131. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bot M, Brouwer I, Roca M, Kohls E, Penninx B, Watkins ER, van Grootheest G, Cabout M, Hegerl U, Gili M, et al (2019). Effect of Multinutrient Supplementation and Food-Related Behavioral Activation Therapy on Prevention of Major Depressive Disorder Among Overweight or Obese Adults with Subsyndromal Depressive Symptoms. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 321, 858-868. Full text.
Hvenegaard M, Moeller SB, Poulsen S, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Kistrup M, Rosenberg NGK, Howard H, Watkins ER, et al (2019). Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) v. group CBT for depression: phase II trial. Psychol Med, 1-9. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Cook L, Mostazir M, Watkins E (2019). Reducing Stress and Preventing Depression (RESPOND): Randomized Controlled Trial of Web-Based Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for High-Ruminating University Students. J Med Internet Res, 21(5). Abstract.  Author URL.

2018

Hammen C, Watkins E (2018). Depression. Abstract.
Uwatoko T, Luo Y, Sakata M, Kobayashi D, Sakagami Y, Takemoto K, Collins LM, Watkins E, Hollon SD, Wason J, et al (2018). Healthy Campus Trial: a multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) fully factorial trial to optimize the smartphone cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) app for mental health promotion among university students: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 19(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Farrand P, Jeffs A, Bloomfield T, Greenberg N, Watkins E, Mullan E (2018). Mental health service acceptability for the armed forces veteran community. Occup Med (Lond), 68(6), 391-398. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Wild J, El-Salahi S, Tyson G, Lorenz H, Pariante CM, Danese A, Tsiachristas A, Watkins E, Middleton B, Blaber A, et al (2018). Preventing PTSD, depression and associated health problems in student paramedics: Protocol for PREVENT-PTSD, a randomised controlled trial of supported online cognitive training for resilience versus alternative online training and standard practice. BMJ Open, 8(12). Abstract.  Full text.
Paans NPG, Bot M, Brouwer IA, Visser M, Roca M, Kohls E, Watkins E, Penninx BWJH (2018). The association between depression and eating styles in four European countries: the MooDFOOD prevention study. J Psychosom Res, 108, 85-92. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Lewellyn DJ (2018). ”I Don’t Believe in Leading a Life of My Own, I Lead His Life”: a Qualitative Investigation of Difficulties Experienced by Informal Caregivers of Stroke Survivors Experiencing Depressive and Anxious Symptoms. Clinical Gerontologist, 41(4), 293-307. Abstract.  Full text.

2017

Stange J, Bessette K, Jenkins L, Burkhouse K, Peters A, Feldhaus C, Crane N, Ajilore O, Watkins E, Langenecker S, et al (2017). Attenuated Intrinsic Connectivity within Cognitive Control Network among Individuals with Remitted Depression is Associated with Cognitive Control Deficits and Negative Cognitive Styles.  Author URL.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2017). Prevention of anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive worry and rumination in adolescents and young adults: a randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 90, 123-136. Abstract.  Full text.

2016

Ricarte Trives JJ, Navarro Bravo B, Latorre Postigo JM, Ros Segura L, Watkins E (2016). Age and Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies: Autobiographical Memory, Rumination, Problem Solving and Distraction. Span J Psychol, 19 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Taylor RS, Byford S, Warren FC, Barrett B, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Kuyken W, et al (2016). Cost and Outcome of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression (COBRA): a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Full text.
Roberts H, Watkins E, Wills A (2016). Does rumination cause “inhibitory” deficits?. Psychopathology Review Full text.
Southworth F, Grafton B, MacLeod C, Watkins ER (2016). Heightened ruminative disposition is associated with impaired attentional disengagement from negative relative to positive information: Support for the “impaired disengagement” hypothesis. Cognition and Emotion(4 Jan 2016 online). Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Cook L (2016). RESPOND (REducing Stress and Preventing Depression): comparing guided internet-based rumination focused cognitive behavioural therapy (i-RFCBT) versus a no-intervention control to prevent depression in high ruminating young adults, with adjunct assessment of the feasibility of unguided i-RFBCT: Study protocol for a phase III randomised-controlled trial. Trials, 17 Abstract.  Full text.
Grafton B, Southworth F, Watkins E, MacLeod C (2016). Stuck in a sad place: Biased attentional disengagement in rumination. Emotion, 16(1), 63-72. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Jacobs RH, Watkins ER, Peters AT, Feldhaus CG, Barba A, Carbray J, Langenecker SA (2016). Targeting Ruminative Thinking in Adolescents at Risk for Depressive Relapse: Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy in a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial with Resting State fMRI. PLoS One Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2016). The role of perseverative negative thinking in predicting depression in people with coronary heart disease: Preliminary findings of a prospective cohort study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 85, 83-84. Author URL.

2015

Watkins ER (2015). An alternative transdiagnostic mechanistic approach to affective disorders illustrated with research from clinical psychology. Emotion Review Abstract.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Brejcha C, Cardy J, et al (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Abstract.
De Raedt R, Hertel PT, Watkins ER (2015). Mechanisms of repetitive thinking: Introduction to the special series. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(4), 568-573. Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins E (2015). Overgeneral autobiographical memories and their relationship to rumination.  Author URL.
Watkins E (2015). Psychological treatment of depressive rumination. Current Opinion in Psychology, 4, 32-36. Abstract.  Full text.
Hvenegaard M, Watkins ER, Poulsen S, Rosenberg NK, Gondan M, Grafton B, Austin SF, Howard H, Moeller SB (2015). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy vs. cognitive behaviour therapy for depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled superiority trial. Trials, 16 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Tester-Jones M, O'Mahen HA, Karl A, Watkins ER (2015). The Impact of Maternal Characteristics, Infant Temperament and Contextual Factors on Maternal Responsiveness to Infant. Infant Behavior and Development(40), 1-11. Full text.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2015). The association of perseverative negative thinking with negative affect in long term conditions: a systematic review. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, 78(6), 627-628. Author URL.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, Lewis G, Watkins E, Morant N, Taylor RS, et al (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: results of a randomised controlled trial (the PREVENT study). Health Technol Assess, 19(73), 1-124. Abstract.  Author URL.

2014

Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). A habit-goal framework of depressive rumination. J Abnorm Psychol, 123(1), 24-34. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Rhodes S, Richards DA, Ekers D, McMillan D, Byford S, Farrand PA, Gilbody S, Hollon SD, Kuyken W, Martell C, et al (2014). Cost and outcome of behavioural activation versus cognitive behaviour therapy for depression (COBRA): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Topper M, Emmelkamp PMG, Watkins E, Ehring T (2014). Development and assessment of brief versions of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Ruminative Response Scale. Br J Clin Psychol, 53(4), 402-421. Abstract.  Author URL.
Griffith E, Kuyken W, Watkins E, Jones A (2014). Do Females with Bulimia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Have Selective Memory Biases?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy Abstract.
Bertolino LB, Olaithe M, Tan S, Watkins ER, Bucks RS (2014). Greater general repetitive negative thinking directly predicts more severe insomnia in males: in females it is all about depression.  Author URL.
Kingston REF, Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). Investigating Functional Properties of Depressive Rumination: Insight and Avoidance. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 5(3), 244-258. Author URL.
Woodford J, Farrand P, Watkins ER, Richards DA, Llewellyn DJ (2014). Supported cognitive-behavioural self-help versus treatment-as-usual for depressed informal carers of stroke survivors (CEDArS): study protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial. Trials, 157 Abstract.  Author URL.
Trick L, Watkins E, Dickens C (2014). The association between perseverative negative cognitive processes and negative affect in people with long term conditions: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. Syst Rev, 3 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2014). Update to the study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 15 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefevre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire assessing the constructive and unconstructive repetitive thoughts. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE-REVUE CANADIENNE DES SCIENCES DU COMPORTEMENT, 46(2), 185-192. Author URL.
Douilliez C, Heeren A, Lefèvre N, Watkins E, Barnard P, Philippot P (2014). Validation of the French version of a questionnaire that evaluates constructive and non-constructive repetitive thoughts. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 46(2), 185-192. Abstract.
Bassanini A, Caselli G, Fiore F, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Watkins ER (2014). Why "why" seems better than "how". Processes underlining repetitive thinking in an Italian non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 18-23. Abstract.

2013

Kingston REF, Watkins ER, O'Mahen HA (2013). An Integrated Examination of Risk Factors for Repetitive Negative Thought. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 4(2), 161-181. Author URL.
Schaich A, Watkins ER, Ehring T (2013). Can concreteness training buffer against the negative effects of rumination on PTSD? an experimental analogue study. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 396-403. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER (2013). Cognitive mechanisms involved in therapeutic change for depression Reducing abstraction and increasing concreteness.  Author URL.
Roberts H, Watkins ER, Wills AJ (2013). Cueing an unresolved personal goal causes persistent ruminative self-focus: an experimental evaluation of control theories of rumination. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(4), 449-455. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Hammen C, Watkins E (2013). Depression, second edition. Abstract.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2013). Involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memory specificity as a function of depression. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 44(1), 7-13. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaté MA, Watkins ER, Simmons JG, Byrne ML, Schwartz OS, Whittle S, Sheeber LB, Allen NB (2013). Maternal parenting behaviors and adolescent depression: the mediating role of rumination. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol, 42(3), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2013). Repetitive thought: Rumination in complicated grief. In  (Ed) Complicated Grief: Scientific Foundations for Health Care Professionals, 162-175.
Caselli G, Gemelli A, Querci S, Lugli AM, Canfora F, Annovi C, Rebecchi D, Ruggiero GM, Sassaroli S, Spada MM, et al (2013). The effect of rumination on craving across the continuum of drinking behaviour. Addict Behav, 38(12), 2879-2883. Abstract.  Author URL.
McEvoy PM, Watson H, Watkins ER, Nathan P (2013). The relationship between worry, rumination, and comorbidity: evidence for repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic construct. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 313-320. Abstract.  Author URL.

2012

Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2012). A brief guided self-help intervention for psychological distress in palliative care patients: a randomised controlled trial. Palliat Med, 26(3), 197-205. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins, E.R. Beck, A.T. (2012). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for mood disorders. In Gabbard G, Beck J, Holmes J (Eds.) Concise Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER (2012). Construal level, rumination, and psychological distress in palliative care. Psychooncology, 21(6), 680-683. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bradley, B. Watkins E (2012). Depression - treatment. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Taylor RS, Byng R, Baeyens C, Read R, Pearson K, Watson L (2012). Guided self-help concreteness training as an intervention for major depression in primary care: a Phase II randomized controlled trial. Psychol Med, 42(7), 1359-1371. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2012). Process versus purpose mindsets influence emotional response to failure. Behaviour Research and Therapy Abstract.
Watson LA, Berntsen D, Kuyken W, Watkins ER (2012). The characteristics of involuntary and voluntary autobiographical memories in depressed and never depressed individuals. Conscious Cogn, 21(3), 1382-1392. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Grafton B, MacLeod C (2012). The ups and downs of cognitive bias: dissociating the attentional characteristics of positive and negative affectivity. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 33-53. Abstract.

2011

Watkins ER, Nolen-Hoeksema S (2011). A Heuristic for Transdiagnostic Models of Psychopathology: Explaining Multifinality and Divergent Trajectories. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 589-609. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Galfin JM, Harlow T (2011). An evaluation of a training programme to teach a brief guided self-help psychological intervention to hospice staff. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 17, 197-205. Abstract.
Watkins E (2011). Dysregulation in level of goal and action identification across psychological disorders. Clin Psychol Rev, 31(2), 260-278. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2011). Rejection sensitivity prospectively predicts increased rumination. Behav Res Ther, 49(10), 597-605. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Mullan E, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Steiner H, Bathurst N, Eastman R, Scott J (2011). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy for residual depression: phase II randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 199(4), 317-322. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds MJ (2011). When the Ends Outweigh the Means: Mood and Level-of-construal in Depression. Cognition and Emotion, 7, 1214-1227. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2011). When the ends outweigh the means: mood and level of identification in depression. Cogn Emot, 25(7), 1214-1227. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2010

Kuyken W, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Taylor RS, Byford S, Evans A, Radford S, Teasdale JD, Dalgleish T, et al (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work?. Behav Res Ther, 48(11), 1105-1112. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER (2010). Level of construal, mind wandering, and repetitive thought: Reply to McVay and Kane (2010). Psychol Bull, 136(2), 198-201. Abstract.  Full text.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2010). Negative affect and ruminative self-focus during everyday goal pursuit. Cogn Emot, 24(4), 729-739. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Galfin JM, Watkins ER, Harlow T (2010). Psychological distress and rumination in palliative care patients and their caregivers. J Palliat Med, 13(11), 1345-1348. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Pearson KA, Mullan EG, Moberly NJ (2010). Psychosocial correlates of depressive rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 784-791. Abstract.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Lewis G, Taylor R, Watkins ER, Hayes R, Lanham P, Kessler D, et al (2010). Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with maintenance anti-depressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: the PREVENT trial. Trials, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Mullan EG (2010). Submissive interpersonal style mediates the effect of brooding on future depressive symptoms. Behav Res Ther, 48(10), 966-973. Abstract.  Author URL.
Pearson KA, Watkins ER, Kuyken W, Mullan EG (2010). The psychosocial context of depressive rumination: ruminative brooding predicts diminished relationship satisfaction in individuals with a history of past major depression. Br J Clin Psychol, 49(Pt 2), 275-280. Abstract.  Author URL.

2009

Vassilopoulos SP, Watkins ER (2009). Adaptive and maladaptive self-focus: a pilot extension study with individuals high and low in fear of negative evaluation. Behav Ther, 40(2), 181-189. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins E, Shafran R (2009). Conceptual foundations of the transdiagnostic approach to CBT. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(1), 6-19. Abstract.
Watkins ER, Moberly NJ (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: a pilot proof-of-principle study. Behav Res Ther, 47(1), 48-53. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins ER, Baeyens CB, Read R (2009). Concreteness training reduces dysphoria: proof-of-principle for repeated cognitive bias modification in depression. J Abnorm Psychol, 118(1), 55-64. Abstract.  Full text.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther, 27(3), 160-175. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: Investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 38(SUPPL.1), 8-14. Abstract.
Watkins ER (2009). Depressive rumination: investigating mechanisms to improve cognitive behavioural treatments. Cogn Behav Ther, 38 Suppl 1, 8-14. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins ER, Moulds ML (2009). Thought Control Strategies, Thought Suppression, and Rumination in Depression. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 2(3), 235-251. Author URL.

2008

Mansell W, Harvey A, Watkins ER, Shafran R (2008). Cognitive Behavioral Processes Across Psychological Disorders: a Review of the Utility and Validity of the Transdiagnostic Approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 181-191. Author URL.
Watkins ER (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychol Bull, 134(2), 163-206. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins, E.R. Williams, W.H. (2008). Depressive Rumination reduces specificity of Autobiographical Memory Recall in Acquired Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(1), 63-70.
Jacoby N, Brewin CR, Watkins E (2008). Effects of contextual questions on experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 22(4), 753-760. Abstract.
Kuyken W, Byford S, Taylor RS, Watkins E, Holden E, White K, Barrett B, Byng R, Evans A, Mullan E, et al (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol, 76(6), 966-978. Abstract.
Raes F, Watkins ER, Williams JMG, Hermans D (2008). Non-ruminative processing reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory retrieval in students. Behav Res Ther, 46(6), 748-756. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Moberly NJ, Moulds ML (2008). Processing mode causally influences emotional reactivity: Distinct effects of abstract versus concrete construal on emotional response. Emotion, 8(3), 364-378. Abstract.  Full text.
Ehring T, Watkins ER (2008). Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Process. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE THERAPY, 1(3), 192-205. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study. J Abnorm Psychol, 117(2), 314-323. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2008). Ruminative self-focus, negative life events, and negative affect. Behav Res Ther, 46(9), 1034-1039. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2007

Watkins ER, Barnhofer T, Crane C, Dalgleish T (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148.
Watkins, E. (2007). Depression- investigation. In Lindsay S, Powell G (Eds.) The Handbook of Clinical Adult Psychology (3 rd Edition), Routledge.
Watkins E, Moulds ML (2007). Reduced concreteness of rumination in depression: a pilot study. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(6), 1386-1395. Abstract.
Perkins, N. Williams, J.M.G. Golden, J. Watkins ER (2007). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory and depression: the role of executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Abstract.
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2007). Revealing negative thinking in recovered major depression: a preliminary investigation. Behav Res Ther, 45(12), 3069-3076. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins E, Scott J, Wingrove J, Rimes K, Bathurst N, Steiner H, Kennell-Webb S, Moulds M, Malliaris Y (2007). Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy for residual depression: a case series. Behav Res Ther, 45(9), 2144-2154. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.

2006

Malliaris Y, Watkins E, Scott J (2006). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 91, S100-S100. Author URL.
Moberly NJ, Watkins ER (2006). Processing mode influences the relationship between trait rumination and emotional vulnerability. Behav Ther, 37(3), 281-291. Abstract.  Author URL.

2005

Watkins E, Moulds M, Mackintosh B (2005). Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behav Res Ther, 43(12), 1577-1585. Abstract.  Author URL.
Moulds, M. Mackintosh, B. Watkins E (2005). Differences and similarities between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins ER, Moulds M (2005). Distinct modes of ruminative self-focus: Impact of abstract versus concrete rumination on problem solving in depression. Emotion, 5(3), 319-328.
Watkins, E.R. Scott, J. (2005). Intrusive memories in residual unipolar depression: a test of Brewin's schema activation hypothesis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, S100-S100 Sul 1.
Hayward, P. Watkins, E.R. Wright, K. (2005). Outcome of a two-year follow-up of a cognitive therapy of relapse prevention in bipolar disorder. \r. American Journal of Psychiatry
Moulds, M. Watkins E (2005). Positive Beliefs about Rumination in Depression- a replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(1), 73-82.
Watkins, E.R. Ramponi, C. (2005). Reducing specificity of autobiographical memory in non-clinical participants: the role of rumination and schematic models. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 328-350.
Lam DH, Hayward P, Watkins ER, Wright K, Sham P (2005). Relapse prevention in patients with bipolar disorder: cognitive therapy outcome after 2 years. Am J Psychiatry, 162(2), 324-329. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watkins, E.R. Holden, E. Cook, W. (2005). Rumination in Adolescents at Risk for Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 96, 39-47.
Watkins, E.R. (2005). The effects of self-focused rumination on global negative self-judgements in depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy
Watkins, E. (2005). Worry and Rumination: Recurrent Negative Thinking and Affective Disorders. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 9, 28-32.

2004

Watkins, E.R. (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Ruminative self-focus during Emotional Processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1037-1052.
Teasdale, J.D. Watkins ER (2004). Adaptive and Maladaptive Self-focus in Depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 1-8.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Appraisals and Strategies Associated with Rumination and Worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 679-694.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Brief psychotherapies for depression: current status. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 17, 3-7.
Watkins, E. Mansell, W. Shafran, R. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: a transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment., Oxford University Press.
Watkins, E.R. (2004). Rumination and future thinking in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 129-142.

2003

Watkins ER, Bright J, Hayward P, Lam D (2003). A randomised controlled study of cognitive therapy for relapse prevention for bipolar affective disorder - Outcome of the first year. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 145-152.
Watkins, E.R. (2003). Combining cognitive therapy with medication in bipolar disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9, 110-116. Full text.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2003). Contextual questions prevent mood primes from maintaining experimentally induced dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 455-475. Abstract.
Watkins E (2003). Depression in Context: Strategies for Guided Action. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 227-228. Author URL.
Watkins E (2003). Excessive Appetites: a Psychological View of the Addictions, 2nd edition. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 31(2), 221-222. Author URL.
Swain, S. Widmer, S. Watkins, E. (2003). The development and beta-test of a computer-therapy program for anxiety and depression: hurdles and lessons. Computers in Human Behaviour, 19, 277-289.
Watkins E (2003). Understanding suicidal behaviour. The suicidal process approach to research, treatment and prevention. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 42, 219-219. Author URL.

2002

Watkins E (2002). Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder: a Therapist's Guide to Concepts, Method and Practice. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(1), 121-122. Author URL.
Mason, A. Watkins E (2002). Mood as Input and Rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 577-587.
Watkins E (2002). Overcoming Depression: a Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioural Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 30(2), 247-248. Author URL.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2002). Rumination and Social Problem-Solving in Depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1179-1189.
Brown, R.G. Watkins ER (2002). Rumination and executive function in depression: an experimental study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 72(3), 400-402.
Watkins ER, Teasdale JD (2002). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(2), 353-357.

2001

Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gut, 48
Howard, R. Hobson, A. Aziz, Q. Watkins E (2001). Feeling the Blues in Functional Gut Pain: Manipulating mood state influences the threshold for oesophageal pain. Gastroenterology, 120(5).
Watkins E, Howard R, Hobson A, Aziz Q (2001). Feeling the blues in functional gut pain: Manipulating mood state influences the perception of esophageal pain. GASTROENTEROLOGY, 120(5), A639-A639. Author URL.
Watkins E, Teasdale JD (2001). Rumination and overgeneral memory in depression: Effects of self-focus and analytic thinking. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, 110(2), 353-357. Author URL.
Watkins E (2001). The New Handbook of Cognitive Therapy Techniques. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 386-387. Author URL.
Watkins E (2001). Treating Complex Cases: the Cognitive Behavioural Approach. BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY, 29(3), 387-388. Author URL.
Baracaia, S. Watkins E (2001). Why do people ruminate in dysphoric moods?. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 723-734.

2000

Watkins E, Teasdale JD, Williams RM (2000). Decentring and distraction reduce overgeneral autobiographical memory in depression. Psychol Med, 30(4), 911-920. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Watkins E, Elliott S, Stanhope N, Button J, Williams R, Brown J (2000). Meeting the needs for psychological treatment of people with common mental disorders: an exploratory study. Journal of Mental Health, 9(4), 445-456. Abstract.

1998

Williams, R.M. (1998). The efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy. In Checkley S, Watkins, E (Eds.) In: the Management of Depression, Oxford:.

1997

Watkins E (1997). Attention and emotion: a clinical perspective - Wells,A, Matthews,G. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 35(3), 277-278. Author URL.

ed_watkins Details from cache as at 2019-05-25 19:08:45

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External Engagement and Impact

Administrative responsibilities

Co- founded and developed the Mood Disorders Centre as a University – NHS partnership, which now has an international profile as a clinical research and training centre. Director of the Sir Henry Wellcome Building for Mood Disorders Research

Research Director for the University of Exeter Doctorate in Clinical Psychology

From November 2007 to December 2011, Director of Research (DoR), for Psychology


Editorial responsibilities

Consulting editor of Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Cognition and Emotion, Behaviour Research and Therapy, Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

On the editorial board for Cognition and Emotion, Behaviour Research and Therapy

Previously reviewed leading international journals in the clinical/cognition and emotion fields including:

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Emotion, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Medicine, Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Cognition and Emotion, Journal of Traumatic Stress, Lancet, British Journal of Psychology, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Personality and Individual Differences, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Behaviour Research and Therapy, Journal of Applied Cognitive Psychology, Memory, Psychological Bulletin, Psychological Science, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly.


Other

Member of the Wellcome Trust Cognitive Neuroscience and Mental Health Expert Review Group

Awarded British Psychological Society’s May Davidson Award for 2004. This award is for “a clinical psychologist who has made an outstanding contribution to the development of clinical psychology within the first 10 years of his/her work as a qualified clinical psychologist. The contribution may be through clinical research or other professional work. It should be innovative and of an order sufficient to become widely recognized as an important development in British Clinical psychology”.

Peer reviewer OST Foresight report Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project

Member of the Expert Advisory Group for the Center for Excellence research program GRIP-TT (Generalization Research in Ill Health and Psychopathology: Transdiagnostic processes and Transfer), KU Leuven, Belgium (Lead Prof Dirk Hermans).

University of Western Australia Raine Visiting Professor Award 2010

National Institute Health Research (NIHR) Senior Leader

Member of Global Consortium for Depression Prevention, an invitation only grouping of international leading experts on interventions for depression (see http://www.preventionofdepression.org/)

Awarded Top Cited Article 2007-2011 in Behaviour Research and Therapy for Watkins et al., (2007), Rumination-focused cognitive behavioural therapy for residual depression: A case series, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 9.

Jointly awarded Paper of the Year 2012 for the journal Palliative Medicine for the paper: Galfin, J.M., Watkins, E.R., & Harlow, T. (2012). A brief guided self-help intervention for psychological distress in palliative care patients: A randomized controlled trial. Palliative Medicine, 26, 197-205. DOI: 10.1177/0269216311414757

Teaching

Professional training on Clinical Psychology programme.

PSY3401 Research Projects

 

Modules

2018/19

Information not currently available


Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

  • Alexandra Newbold Dr

Postgraduate researchers

  • Laura Baker DClinPsy trainee
  • Ruth Burrows-Kerr DClinPsy trainee
  • Lorna Cook PhD student
  • Rosemary Kingston PhD student
  • Luke O'Shea PhD student
  • Felicity Southworth PhD student

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